Aeroservoelastic modeling and analysis of a canard-configured air-breathing hypersonic vehicles

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Abstract

Air-breathing hypersonic vehicles (HSVs) are typically characterized by interactions of elasticity, propulsion and rigid-body flight dynamics, which may result in intractable aeroservoelastic problem. When canard is added, this problem would be even intensified by the introduction of low-frequency canard pivot mode. This paper concerns how the aeroservoelastic stability of a canard-configured HSV is affected by the pivot stiffnesses of all-moveable horizontal tail (HT) and canard. A wing/pivot system model is developed by considering the pivot torsional flexibility, fuselage vibration, and control input. The governing equations of the aeroservoelastic system are established by combining the equations of rigid-body motion, elastic fuselage model, wing/pivot system models and actuator dynamics. An unsteady aerodynamic model is developed by steady Shock-Expansion theory with an unsteady correction using local piston theory. A baseline controller is given to provide approximate inflight characteristics of rigid-body modes. The vehicle is trimmed for equilibrium state, around which the linearized equations are derived for stability analysis. A comparative study of damping ratios, closed-loop poles and responses are conducted with varying controller gains and pivot stiffnesses. Available bandwidth for control design is discussed and feasible region for pivot stiffnesses of HT and canard is given. © 2013 Production and hosting by Elsevier Ltd. on behalf of CSAA & BUAA.

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Kaichun, Z., Jinwu, X., & Daochun, L. (2013). Aeroservoelastic modeling and analysis of a canard-configured air-breathing hypersonic vehicles. Chinese Journal of Aeronautics, 26(4), 831–840. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cja.2013.06.001

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