The pelvic floor is composed of a network of muscles, ligaments, and fasciae, which provide active and passive support for the pelvic organs. Impairment of these pelvic floor elements can result in a variety of functional abnormalities and single or multicompartment organ prolapse. Knowledge of normal pelvic floor anatomy can aid the radiologist in understanding the complex nature of pelvic floor dysfunction and is important for comprehensive image interpretation. This article provides an overview of normal anatomy of the pelvic floor as seen on magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, and fluoroscopic studies performed in the evaluation of pelvic floor function.
Flusberg, M., Kobi, M., Bahrami, S., Glanc, P., Palmer, S., Chernyak, V., … El Sayed, R. F. (2019). Multimodality imaging of pelvic floor anatomy. Abdominal Radiology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00261-019-02235-5