Do airport metal detectors interfere with implantable pacemakers or cardioverter-defibrillators?

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether airport metal detector gates (AMDGs) interfere with pacemakers (PMs) or implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). BACKGROUND: It is currently unknown whether AMDGs interfere with implanted PMs or ICDs. METHODS: A total of 348 consecutive patients (200 PM and 148 ICD recipients) have been tested for the occurrence of electromagnetic interference (EMI) within the electromagnetic field of a worldwide-used airport metal detector. RESULTS: No interference, such as pacing or sensing abnormalities, was observed in any of the 200 PM and 148 ICD patients; also no reprogramming occurred. CONCLUSIONS: In vivo testing of PM and ICD systems showed no EMI with a standard AMDG. Clinically relevant interactions with implanted PMs or ICDs seem unlikely. © 2003 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.

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Kolb, C., Schmieder, S., Lehmann, G., Zrenner, B., Karch, M. R., Plewan, A., & Schmitt, C. (2003). Do airport metal detectors interfere with implantable pacemakers or cardioverter-defibrillators? Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 41(11), 2054–2059. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0735-1097(03)00424-8

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