Obstructive nephropathy is an aggressive form of chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is characterized by an epithelial-tomesenchymal transition (EMT) and interstitial fibrosis. However, the molecular mechanisms of EMT and fibrosis are complex and not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the contribution of Akt2 to experimental renal EMT and fibrosis using the well-established model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). We found that Akt2 and phosphor (p)-Akt protein levels were increased in the obstructed kidneys. UUO induced activation of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) signaling. Importantly, knockout of Akt2 suppressed UUO-induced EMT, kidney fibrosis, increased GSK3β activity, and decreased expression of Snail and β-catenin. Inhibition of GSK3β with LiCl (the inhibitor of GSK3β) increased the expression of Snail and β-catenin in cultured kidney epithelial cells. Our findings suggest that Akt2 partially contributes to interstitial fibrosis following UUO and that inhibition of this signaling pathway may provide a novel approach of prevent progression of renal fibrosis. © 2014 Lan et al.
Lan, A., Zhang, J., Xiao, Z., Peng, X., Qi, Y., & Du, J. (2014). Akt2 is involved in loss of epithelial cells and renal fibrosis following unilateral ureteral obstruction. PLoS ONE, 9(8). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0105451