Detrimental effects of acute and chronic alcohol (ethanol) consumption on human physiology are well documented in the literature. These adversely influence neural, metabolic, cardiovascular, and thermoregulatory functions. However, the side effects of ethanol consumption on hormonal fluctuations and subsequent related skeletal muscle alterations have received less attention and as such are not entirely understood. The focus of this review is to identify the side effects of ethanol consumption on the major hormones related to muscle metabolism and clarify how the hormonal profiles are altered by such consumption. © 2014 Bianco et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Bianco, A., Thomas, E., Pomara, F., Tabacchi, G., Karsten, B., Paoli, A., & Palma, A. (2014, June 6). Alcohol consumption and hormonal alterations related to muscle hypertrophy: A review. Nutrition and Metabolism. BioMed Central Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-7075-11-26