It is well established that tooth extraction is followed by a reduction of the buccolingual as well as the apicocoronal dimension of the alveolar ridge. Different measures have been taken to avoid this bone modelling process, such as immediate implant placement and bone grafting, but in most cases with disappointing results. One fundamental principle of bone physiology is the adaptation of bone mass and bone structure to the levels and frequencies of strain. In the present article, it is shown that the reduction of the alveolar ridge dimensions after tooth extraction is a natural consequence of this physiological principle.
Hansson, S., & Halldin, A. (2012). Alveolar ridge resorption after tooth extraction: A consequence of a fundamental principle of bone physiology. Journal of Dental Biomechanics, 3(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1177/1758736012456543