Ambiguous genitalia–A social dilemma in Bangladesh: A case report

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Abstract

Introduction Ambiguous Genitalia is a form of birth defect in which sex of the newborn cannot be readily distinguishable because of atypical appearance of the external genitalia. Case report–clinical findings The patient, an 8 months old baby, was identified as a female baby since birth; but, some senior members of their neighborhood raised confusion regarding sex differentiation of the child. On examination, there was enlarged clitoris or micropenis, bifid scrotum or labioscrotal fold, and separate presence of urethral and vaginal orifices. Right testis was found in the middle of right inguinal canal and left testis was found near the deep inguinal ring. Case report–diagnosis, therapeutic intervention and outcome The ultrasonogram showed a rudimentary uterus measuring 26.7 × 7.27 mm with no ovary and the right testis was found in the mid inguinal canal while the left testis was in the deep inguinal ring. Diagnostic endoscopic procedure showed normal appearing testes in deep inguinal ring, about 2 cm vaginal remnant with normal urethra and bladder. Hormonal study revealed low serum testosterone with normal DHT and high oestradiol while the karyotyping revealed 46XY. After 3 months of hormonal treatment, multiple surgical interventions were taken to correctly determine the sex of the child. Later on the patient was discharged with follow up advices. Conclusion ‘Ambiguous genitalia’ is considered as a taboo in Bangladesh; hence, the social awareness regarding this curable disorder is a timely need in Bangladesh.

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Chowdhury, M. A. K., Anwar, R., & Saha, A. (2018). Ambiguous genitalia–A social dilemma in Bangladesh: A case report. International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, 42, 98–101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2017.11.067

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