Analysis of the neutralization breadth of the anti-V3 antibody F425-B4e8 and re-assessment of its epitope fine specificity by scanning mutagenesis

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Abstract

The identification of cross-neutralizing antibodies to HIV-1 is important for designing antigens aimed at eliciting similar antibodies upon immunization. The monoclonal antibody (mAb) F425-B4e8 had been suggested previously to bind an epitope at the base of V3 and shown to neutralize two primary HIV isolates. Here, we have assessed the neutralization breadth of mAb F425-B4e8 using a 40-member panel of primary HIV-1 and determined the epitope specificity of the mAb. The antibody was able to neutralize 8 clade B viruses (n = 16), 1 clade C virus (n = 11), and 2 clade D viruses (n = 6), thus placing it among the more broadly neutralizing anti-V3 antibodies described so far. Contrary to an initial report, results from our scanning mutagenesis of the V3 region suggest that mAb F425-B4e8 interacts primarily with the crown/tip of V3, notably Ile309, Arg315, and Phe317. Despite the somewhat limited neutralization breadth of mAb F425-B4e8, the results presented here, along with analyses from other cross-neutralizing anti-V3 mAbs, may facilitate the template-based design of antigens that target V3 and permit neutralization of HIV-1 strains in which the V3 region is accessible to antibodies. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Pantophlet, R., Aguilar-Sino, R. O., Wrin, T., Cavacini, L. A., & Burton, D. R. (2007). Analysis of the neutralization breadth of the anti-V3 antibody F425-B4e8 and re-assessment of its epitope fine specificity by scanning mutagenesis. Virology, 364(2), 441–453. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2007.03.007

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