In this review we attempt to clarify the notion of what is meant by the term antibacterial surfaces and categorise the approaches that are commonly used in the design of antibacterial surfaces. Application of surface coatings and the modification of the surface chemistry of substrata are generally considered to be a chemical approach to surface modification (as are surface polymerisation, functionalisation, and derivatisation), whereas, modification of the surface architecture of a substrate can be considered a physical approach. Here, the antifouling and bactericidal effects of antibacterial surfaces are briefly discussed. Finally, several recent efforts to design a new generation of antibacterial surfaces, which are based on mimicking the surface nanotopography of natural surfaces, are considered. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Hasan, J., Crawford, R. J., & Ivanova, E. P. (2013, May). Antibacterial surfaces: The quest for a new generation of biomaterials. Trends in Biotechnology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tibtech.2013.01.017