Background: Natural products are well recognized as sources of drugs in several human ailments. In the present work, we carried out a preliminary screening of six natural compounds, xanthone V 1 (1); 2-acetylfuro-1,4-naphthoquinone (2); physcion (3); bisvismiaquinone (4); vismiaquinone (5); 1,8-dihydroxy-3-geranyloxy-6-methylanthraquinone (6) against MiaPaCa-2 pancreatic and CCRF-CEM leukemia cells and their multidrug-resistant subline, CEM/ADR5000. Compounds 1 and 2 were then tested in several other cancer cells and their possible mode of action were investigated. Methodology/Findings: The tested compounds were previously isolated from the Cameroonian medicinal plants Vismia laurentii (1, 3, 4, 5 and 6) and Newbouldia laevis (2). The preliminary cytotoxicity results allowed the selection of xanthone V 1 and 2-acetylfuro-1,4-naphthoquinone, which were then tested on a panel of cancer cell lines. The study was also extended to the analysis of cell cycle distribution, apoptosis induction, caspase 3/7 activation and the anti-angiogenic properties of xanthone V 1 and 2-acetylfuro-1,4-naphthoquinone. IC 50 values around or below 4 μg/ml were obtained on 64.29% and 78.57% of the tested cancer cell lines for xanthone V 1 and 2-acetylfuro-1,4-naphthoquinone, respectively. The most sensitive cell lines (IC 50 < 1 μg/ml) were breast MCF-7 (to xanthone V 1 ), cervix HeLa and Caski (to xanthone V 1 and 2-acetylfuro-1,4-naphthoquinone), leukemia PF-382 and melanoma colo-38 (to 2-acetylfuro-1,4-naphthoquinone). The two compounds showed respectively, 65.8% and 59.6% inhibition of the growth of blood capillaries on the chorioallantoic membrane of quail eggs in the anti-angiogenic assay. Upon treatment with two fold IC 50 and after 72 h, the two compounds induced cell cycle arrest in S-phase, and also significant apoptos is in CCRF-CEM leukemia cells. Caspase 3/7 was activated by xanthone V 1 . Conclusions/Significance: The overall results of the present study provided evidence for the cytotoxicity of compounds xanthone V 1 and 2-acetylfuro-1,4-naphthoquinone, and bring supportive data for future investigations that will lead to their use in cancer therapy. © 2011 Kuete et al.
Kuete, V., Wabo, H. K., Eyong, K. O., Feussi, M. T., Wiench, B., Krusche, B., … Efferth, T. (2011). Anticancer activities of six selected natural compounds of some Cameroonian medicinal plants. PLoS ONE, 6(8). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0021762