Anti-inflammatory and preventive activity of white mulberry root bark extract in an experimental model of pancreatitis

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Abstract

Pancreatitis is characterized by highly morbid inflammation in the pancreas. Currently, there is no specific drug available for pancreatitis except supportive medicines. The present study assessed the pancreato-protective effect of Morus alba root bark extract by using alcohol and cerulein-induced model of pancreatitis. The study also investigated the phytochemical profile through GC-MS and HPLC. Methanolic extract of Morus alba root bark extract (MEMARB) was subjected to GC-MS and HPLC studies. Male albino Wistar rats were administered ethanol (0%–36%) and cerulein (20 μg/kg b.wt. i.p.) with or without MEMARB. Serum lipase, amylase, caspase-1, lipid peroxidation products, glutathione and enzymatic antioxidants were determined. Histological changes in the pancreas were assessed. Cudraflavone B in MEMARB was quantified by HPLC. Significant amount of Cudraflavone B was detected by quantitative HPLC. Marked increase in the levels of serum amylase, lipase, caspase-1, IL-18 and IL-1β were observed in ethanol and cerulein administered rats than in MEMARB co-administered rats. In MEMARB co-administered rats, the antioxidant status was restored to near normal levels. Histological examinations showed that MEMARB significantly reduced the inflammatory and fibrotic changes. The results reveal the potent pancreato-protective effects of Morus alba root bark. The anti-inflammatory effect of Morus alba root bark extract might be due to the presence of various phytonutrients including Cudraflavone B.

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Kavitha, Y., & Geetha, A. (2018). Anti-inflammatory and preventive activity of white mulberry root bark extract in an experimental model of pancreatitis. Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 8(4), 497–505. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcme.2018.01.011

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