The ECG signal is well known for its nonlinear dynamic behavior and a key characteristic that is utilized in this research; the nonlinear component of its dynamics changes more significantly between normal and abnormal conditions than does the linear one. As the higher-order statistics (HOS) preserve phase information, this study makes use of one-dimensional slices from the higher-order spectral domain of normal and ischemic subjects. A feedforward multilayer neural network (NN) with error back-propagation (BP) learning algorithm was used as an automated ECG classifier to investigate the possibility of recognizing ischemic heart disease from normal ECG signals. Different NN structures are tested using two data sets extracted from polyspectrum slices and polycoherence indices of the ECG signals. ECG signals from the MIT/BIH CD-ROM, the Normal Sinus Rhythm Database (NSR-DB), and European ST-T database have been utilized in this paper. The best classification rates obtained are 93% and 91.9% using EDBD learning rule with two hidden layers for the first structure and one hidden layer for the second structure, respectively. The results successfully showed that the presented NN-based classifier can be used for diagnosis of ischemic heart disease.
El-Khafif, S. H., & El-Brawany, M. A. (2013). Artificial Neural Network-Based Automated ECG Signal Classifier. ISRN Biomedical Engineering, 2013, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/261917