Major techniques for assessing childhood depression, including self-report scales, interviews, projective techniques, peer ratings, and others, are reviewed and evaluated. Although several measures are available, the technology for assessment is not well developed. Few studies have examined facets of reliability and validity and a relatively restricted range of response modalities has been assessed. Several approaches for validation are suggested, including convergent and discriminant validation and differentiation of respondents. Selected assessment techniques for adult depression, including those based upon nonverbal behavior, EMG responses, and overt activity, are highlighted as possible additions to supplement information obtained by current methods for children. © 1981, The American Academy of Child Psychiatry. All rights reserved.
Kazdin, A. E. (1981). Assessment Techniques for Childhood Depression: A Critical Appraisal. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 20(2), 358–375. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-7138(09)60994-8