Renin angiotensin system (RAS) comprising Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), Angiotensin II (Ang II) and its receptor Angiotensin II receptor type I (AGTR1), plays a critical role in several diseases including cancer. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) A1166C located in 3′ untranslated region (UTR) of AGTR1 and an insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism present in intron 16 of ACE gene have been associated with many diseases, but their association with Breast cancer (BCa) is still debatable. Here, we for the first time investigated the association of these polymorphisms in a North Indian BCa cohort including 161 patients and 152 healthy women. The polymorphisms were evaluated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) respectively. The association between these polymorphisms and BCa risk was estimated by calculating Odds Ratio (OR) and chi-square (χ2) test. The DD genotype/D allele of ACE (I/D) polymorphism and “AC and CC” genotype/C allele of AGTR1 (A1166C) polymorphism were associated with higher risk of BCa when evaluated independently. Furthermore, interaction analysis of “AC and CC” and DD genotype and combination of “C and D” alleles of both polymorphisms revealed significantly greater BCa risk than that observed independently. Conclusively, women harboring “AC or CC” genotype/C allele for AGTR1 (A1166C) polymorphism and DD genotype/D allele for ACE (I/D) polymorphisms have a predisposition to develop more aggressive disease with advanced staging and larger tumor size. Our study indicates importance of genetic screening based on these polymorphisms for women, who may have higher risk of BCa.
Singh, A., Srivastava, N., Amit, S., Prasad, S. N., Misra, M. P., & Ateeq, B. (2018). Association of AGTR1 (A1166C) and ACE (I/D) Polymorphisms with Breast Cancer Risk in North Indian Population. Translational Oncology, 11(2), 233–242. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranon.2017.12.007