Background: IL-10 is a major anti-inflammatory cytokine that prevents inflammation-mediated tissue damage. We characterized the production of IL-10 by sinonasal tissue cells following exposure to Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B (SEB), which elicits cellular responses and is associated with the pathogenesis of eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (ECRS). Methods: Dispersed nasal polyp (NP) cells and uncinate tissue (UT) cells were prepared from patients with CRS with and without NP, respectively. Cells were incubated with SEB, and then the levels of IL-10 in the cell supernatants were determined. The effect of neutralizing IL-10 on SEB-induced IL-5, IL-13, IFN-γ and IL-17A production was examined. Expression of IL-10 in NPs was also determined. Results: IL-10 was expressed in infiltrating inflammatory cells in NPs. NP cells, especially non-adherent NP cells, produced substantial amounts of IL-10 in response to SEB. Although baseline production of IL-10 was significantly higher in NP cells than UT cells, the degree of IL-10 response to SEB was not significantly different between the cell types. The degree of IL-10 production was negatively correlated with the degree of eosinophilia both in tissues and peripheral blood whereas positively correlated with the 1-s forced expiratory volume/forced vital capacity ratio. Patients with severe ECRS displayed a significant decrease in IL-10 production compared with those with non-ECRS. IL-10 neutralization significantly augmented SEB-induced IL-13 and IFN-γ production by NP cells. Conclusions: Impaired IL-10 production in response to SEB in NP may exacerbate the pathophysiology of ECRS including eosinophilia and lower airway obstruction.
Haruna, T., Kariya, S., Fujiwara, T., Higaki, T., Makihara, S., Kanai, K., … Okano, M. (2018). Association between impaired IL-10 production following exposure to Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin B and disease severity in eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis. Allergology International, 67(3), 392–398. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alit.2018.02.001