The association between self-reported and objective measures of health and aggregate annoyance scores toward wind turbine installations

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Abstract

Objective An aggregate annoyance construct has been developed to account for annoyance that ranges from not at all annoyed to extremely annoyed, toward multiple wind turbine features. The practical value associated with aggregate annoyance would be strengthened if it was related to health. The objective of the current paper was to assess the association between aggregate annoyance and multiple measures of health. Methods The analysis was based on data originally collected as part of Health Canada's Community Noise and Health Study (CNHS). One adult participant per dwelling (18-79 years), randomly selected from Ontario (ON) (n = 1011) and Prince Edward Island (PEI) (n = 227), completed an in-person questionnaire. Results The average aggregate annoyance score for participants who indicated they had a health condition (e.g., chronic pain, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) > 5, tinnitus, migraines/headaches, dizziness, highly sensitive to noise, and reported a high sleep disturbance) ranged from 2.53 to 3.72; the mean score for those who did not report these same conditions ranged between 0.96 and 1.41. Household complaints about wind turbine noise had the highest average aggregate annoyance (8.02), compared to an average of 1.39 among those who did not complain. Conclusion A mean aggregate annoyance score that could reliably distinguish participants who self-report health effects (or noise complaints) from those who do not could be one of several factors considered by jurisdictions responsible for decisions regarding wind turbine developments. However, the threshold value for acceptable changes and/or levels in aggregate annoyance has not yet been established and could be the focus of future research efforts. Résumé Objectif Un indice de gêne global, de pas du tout gênant à extrêmement gênant, a été élaboré pour tenir compte de la gêne causée par de nombreuses caractéristiques des éoliennes. La valeur pratique associée à la gêne globale serait renforcée si celle-ci était liée à la santé. L'objectif était d'évaluer l'association entre la gêne globale et divers indicateurs de santé. Méthode Cette analyse est fondée sur des données recueillies à l'origine dans le cadre de l'Étude sur le bruit ambiant et la santé (ÉBAS) de Santé Canada. Des participants adultes (18 à 79 ans), un par ménage, sélectionnés au hasard en Ontario (n = 1011) et à l'Île-du-Prince-Édouard (n = 227), ont rempli un questionnaire en personne. Résultats En moyenne, l'indice de gêne global des participants ayant fait état d'une affection de santé (p. ex. douleur chronique, indice de qualité du sommeil de Pittsburgh [PSQI] >5, acouphène, migraines/maux de tête, étourdissements, forte sensibilité au

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APA

Michaud, D. S., Marro, L., & McNamee, J. (2018). The association between self-reported and objective measures of health and aggregate annoyance scores toward wind turbine installations. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 109(2), 252–260. https://doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0041-x

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