The association of the FTO gene polymorphism, rs9939609, with obesity was examined using the population of the Takahata study (n (M/F): 2,639 (1,168 / 1,470); age: 63.0 +/- 10.2 years), a Japanese community-based study. The effects of lifestyle-related factors, including nutritional intake and physical activities, on the association were also examined. Body mass index (BMI) was significantly associated with the FTO gene polymorphism (p<0.001). A case-control association study of the FTO gene polymorphism with obesity using multiple logistic regression analysis showed a significant association of the genotype AA (odds ratio, 1.53 [95% confidential interval, 1.04-2.24]) after adjustment for age and gender. Analysis to examine the differences in lifestyle-related factors among the genotype groups showed a significant difference in the energy expenditure for moderate to high-intensity physical activity (PA) (> or = 3.0 METs) (p=0.012) with a significant decrease toward the genotype AA (p=0.027). The effect of energy expenditure for moderate to high-intensity PA on the association of the polymorphism with obesity was then examined using study groups stratified based on the energy expenditure for moderate to high-intensity PA (Low-PA and High-PA). The BMI was significantly higher in the genotype AA in the Low-PA group (p=0.016) but not in the High-PA group (p=0.103). Furthermore, the genotype AA was significantly associated with obesity (odds ratio, 2.39 [95% confidential interval, 1.19-4.80]) in the Low-PA group but not in the High- PA group (p=0.650). The FTO gene, rs9939609, was associated with obesity, and the association was evident in subjects with low-PA, suggesting a PA-dependent association.
Karasawa, S. H., Daimon, M. A., Sasaki, S. A., & Toriyama, S. A. (2009). Association of the Common Fat Mass and Obesity Associated ( FTO ) Gene Polymorphism with Obesity in a Japanese Population. Endocrine Journal, 57(3), 293–301. https://doi.org/10.1507/endocrj.K09E-305