Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules, which participate in diverse biological processes and may regulate tumor suppressor genes or oncogenes. Rs11614913 in miR-196a2 and rs3746444 in miR-499 are shown to associate with increased/decreased cancer risk. This meta-analysis was performed to systematically assess the overall association. Materials and Methods: We searched Pubmed, Web of Knowledge, EMBASE, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases until December 2016 to identify eligible studies. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to estimate the strength of the associations. Results: We assessed published studies of the association between these microRNA polymorphisms and cancer risk from 56 studies with 21958/26436 cases/controls for miR-196a2 and from 37 studies with 13759/17946 cases/controls for miR-499. The results demonstrated that miR-196a2 rs11614913 was significantly associated with a decreased cancer risk, in particular with a decreased risk for colorectal cancer and gastric cancer, or for Asian population subgroup. In addition, miR-499 rs3746444 polymorphism was observed as a risk factor for cancers, in particular, for breast cancer, or for in the Asian population. Conclusions: Our meta-analysis suggests that the rs11614913 most likely contributes to decreased susceptibility to cancer, especially in Asians and colorectal cancer and gastric cancer, and that the rs3746444 may increase risk for cancer. Furthermore, more well-designed studies with large sample size are still necessary to further elucidate the association between polymorphisms and different kinds of cancers risk.
Yan, W., Gao, X., & Zhang, S. (2017). Association of miR-196a2 rs11614913 and miR-499 rs3746444 polymorphisms with cancer risk: a meta-analysis. Oncotarget, 8(69). https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.22547