Objective Thyroid cancer (TC) is one of the most common endocrine malignancies with a rapidly increasing worldwide presence. In Pakistan, it is more prevalent in females than males and has an incidence rate of 2.1%. Obesity and excess body mass index (BMI) has been linked to several cancers and is thought to be a risk factor for TC. We aim to investigate the incidence of TC in our population and understand it's correlation with obesity. Subjects The study was a retrospective case series conducted in the years 2000 to 2014, at the Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH), Karachi, Pakistan where 156 patients who had been diagnosed and treated for TC were analyzed. Clinicopathological data was collected from medical records of these patients and weight and height were measured, pre-surgery, post-surgery, and at follow up. The BMI was correlated with patient variables for any significant associations. Results The patient set comprised of 38.5% males and 61.5% females with a mean age of 47.77 (SD ± 14.35). The BMI was significantly associated with age as 72.8% of participants were obese and >45 years old as compared to 27.2% who were under 45 years and obese (p-value <0.001). Upon comparison of the pre-surgery, post-surgery, and current mean BMI, Bonferroni pairwise comparisons showed no significant difference (p>0.999). Conclusion The majority of-of TC patients among the Pakistani population were obese and female. Age was significantly associated with the risk of having a higher BMI. Moreover, differences in BMI pre and post-surgery could not be statistically proven.
Ali, A., Mirza, Y., Faizan, U., Zahid, N., & Awan, M. S. (2018). Association of Obesity and Thyroid Cancer at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Pakistan. Cureus. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.2364