Introduction. To analyze patients with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) through a cytology review and the presence of microbiological agents, with consideration of colposcopy and semiannual tracking. Methods. 103 women with ASCUS were reviewed and reclassified: normal/inflammatory, ASCUS, low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), or high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL). If ASCUS confirmed, it was subclassified in reactive or neoplastic ASCUS, ASC-US, or ASC-H; and Regione Emilia Romagna Screening Protocol. Patients underwent a colposcopic examination, and test for Candida sp., bacterial vaginosis, Trichomonas vaginalis, and human papillomavirus (HPV) were performed. Results. Upon review, ASCUS was diagnosis in 70/103 (67.9), being 38 (54.2) reactive ASCUS and 32 (45.71) neoplastic ASCUS; 62 (88.5) ASC-US and 8 (11.41) ASC-H. ASCUS (Regione Protocol), respectively 1-5: 15 (21.4), 19 (27.1), 3 (27.1), 16 (22.8), and 1 (1.4). A higher number of cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) II/III in the biopsies of patients with ASC-H compared to ASC-US (P =.0021). High-risk HPV test and presence of CIN II/III are more frequent in ASC-H than ASC-US (P =.031). Conclusions. ASC-H is associated with clinically significant disease. High-risk HPV-positive status in the triage for colposcopy of patients with ASC-US is associated with increased of CIN. Copyright © 2011 Ana Cristina Macdo Barcelos et al.
Murta, E. F. C., Barcelos, A. C. M. Ê., Michelin, M. A., & Adad, S. J. (2011). Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance: Bethesda classification and association with human papillomavirus. Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/904674