Aims We aimed to compare the diagnostic efficacy of serum cystatin C (sCyC) for contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) in Western Indians undergoing cardiac catheterization. We also aimed to propose a clinically applicable cut-off of sCyC for early identification of CIN in this ethnic group. Methods In this prospective study, 253 patients undergoing coronary angiography and/or percutaneous coronary intervention were enrolled. The demographic and risk factor details, levels of sCr at baseline, 24 and 48 h after the procedure, whereas baseline and 24 h levels of sCyC were noted. Increase of 0.5 mg/dl or ≥25% from baseline sCr was used to define CIN. Optimum cut off of sCyC for CIN diagnosis was obtained using Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results After 48 h of contrast media (CM) exposure, the incidence of CIN was 12.25% (31 patients) according to sCr definition, where only 3.9% (10 patients) had sCr rise in 24 h. Overall significant (p < 0.0001) rise in mean levels of sCr (48 h) and sCyC (24 h) was observed in CIN patients. However, the mean sCr rise at 24 h was non-significant. The optimum cut off of sCyC for diagnosing CIN was found to be a rise of ≥10% from baseline (AUC – 0.901; sensitivity – 100%, specificity – 77.89%). According to sCyC, 94 (37.15%) patients had CIN. Conclusion We may conclude that a rise of ≥10% in sCyC at 24 h could be used as a reliable marker for identification of CIN in western Indians undergoing cardiac catheterization.
Shukla, A. N., Juneja, M., Patel, H., Shah, K. H., Konat, A., Thakkar, B. M., … Prajapati, J. (2017). Diagnostic accuracy of serum cystatin C for early recognition of contrast induced nephropathy in Western Indians undergoing cardiac catheterization. Indian Heart Journal, 69(3), 311–315. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2016.12.010