The β1 domain of protein G can replace the chorismate mutase domain of the T-protein

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Abstract

T-protein is composed of chorismate mutase (AroQT) fused to the N-terminus of prephenate dehydrogenase (TyrA). Here, we report the replacement of AroQT with the β1-domain of protein G (Gβ1). The TyrA domain shows a strong dehydrogenase activity within the context of this fusion, and our data indicate that Gβ1-TyrA folds into a dimeric conformation. Amino acid substitutions in the Gβ1 domain of Gβ1-TyrA identified residues involved in stabilizing the TyrA dimeric conformation. Gβ1 substitutions in the N-terminal β-hairpin eliminated Gβ1-TyrA expression, whereas Gβ1-TyrA tolerated Gβ1 substitutions in the C-terminal β-hairpin and in the α-helix. All of the characterized variants folded into a dimeric conformation. The importance of the β2-strand in forming a Gβ1 homo-dimerization interface explains the relevance of the first-β-hairpin in stabilizing the dimeric TyrA protein. © 2012 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Osuna, J., Flores, H., & Saab-Rincón, G. (2012). The β1 domain of protein G can replace the chorismate mutase domain of the T-protein. FEBS Letters, 586(4), 466–471. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.febslet.2012.01.033

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