The federal government has investigated a large number of institutions regarding concerns that implantable cardioverter-defibrillator procedures were performed in violation of the criteria set forth in a National Coverage Determination. We describe our experience and responses to such an audit, as well as the to complexities and nuances of practicing evidence-based medicine in the setting of heavy regulatory oversight. © 2012 American College of Cardiology Foundation.
Steinberg, J. S., & Mittal, S. (2012, April 3). The federal audit of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implants: Lessons learned. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2011.12.026