Psychosocial effects of social distancing during coronavirus infections: Integrative review

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Abstract

Objective: To analyze the literature regarding the psychosocial effects of isolation and social distancing measures adopted as strategy for the prevention and control of coronavirus infections. Methods: Integrative review of the literature based on the theoretical framework proposed by Whittemore and Knafl and conducted on seven databases: MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Embase, Web of Science, LILACS, IBECS and BDENF. The sample consisted of 14 primary studies, with no time or language restriction and the analysis was descriptive. The level of evidence classification was used to characterize the studies. Results: Psychosocial repercussions of isolation and social distancing measures were frequent in different countries, with a negative impact on mental health and quality of life. Psychological impairments included mood instability, high levels of anxiety, stress, frustration, loneliness, anger and altered sleep patterns. Factors related to the prolonged duration of the measure, possibilities of contagion, economic instability, lack of knowledge and the uncertainties related to the disease were associated with psychological distress. Conclusion: Isolation and social distancing measures contribute to the epidemiological control of outbreaks, epidemics and pandemics of coronavirus; however, they compromise the population's mental health. The duration of the measure, the possibilities of contagion, fear and financial instability were determining factors for the degree of psychological distress.

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APA

De MacÊdo Rocha, D., Soares E Silva, J., De Abreu, I. M., Mendes, P. M., Leite, H. D. C. S., & Ferreira, M. D. C. S. (2021). Psychosocial effects of social distancing during coronavirus infections: Integrative review. ACTA Paulista de Enfermagem, 34. https://doi.org/10.37689/acta-ape/2021AR01141

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