Type-1 diabetes incidence is increasing during the last decades. Recently, a role of microbiota alteration is proposed as pre-diabetic and diabetic risk factor. A bicentric case-control study is in progress in Northern Italy. Here preliminary results are shown. The microbiome clusterization showed a division between cases and controls even if fingerprint profiles are heterogenic. Methanobrevibacter smithii is highly present only in few patients. The diversity index and the microorganism sequenced in cases and controls, seems to be quite dissimilar. The conclusive results could show a significant predictive value for the bio-indicators evaluated.
Traversi, D., Rabbone, I., Ignaccolo, M. G., Carletto, G., Racca, I., Vallini, C., … Cerutti, F. (2017). Gut microbiota diversity and T1DM onset: Preliminary data of a case-control study. Human Microbiome Journal, 5–6, 11–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humic.2017.11.002