CDH3 gene related hypotrichosis and juvenile macular dystrophy – A case with a novel mutation

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Abstract

Purpose: CDH3-related hypotrichosis with juvenile macular dystrophy (HJMD) is an autosomal-recessive entity characterized by congenital sparse scalp hair and macular dystrophy, leading to severe central visual loss. We report a family with HJMD caused by a novel CDH3 gene mutation and review the mutation spectrum in HJMD. A detailed phenotypic assessment for patients whose molecular results were reported previously is also summarized. Observations: We present a 13-year-old Turkish girl who experienced gradual bilateral visual deterioration with marked hair loss. Hair-pull test results and scalp skin texture were normal. The eyebrows and eyelashes were normal, and no abnormality in the teeth, nails, or limbs was detected. Fundus examination revealed bilateral ring-shaped atrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium with patchy intraretinal pigment clumping at the posterior pole. DNA sequencing analysis detected a novel homozygous deletion (c.447_467del (p.149_156del)) in exon 5 of the CDH3 gene of the patient. Both healthy parents and an older brother were heterozygous for the mutation. Conclusions and importance: This case of HJMD was related to a novel homozygous mutation, termed c.447_467del (p.149_156del). These findings have significance for the future mutational analysis and genetic counseling of families with HJMD, particularly in our region. The presence of sparse hair in childhood, with or without limb anomalies, should alert clinicians to request an eye consultation. Pediatricians, dermatologists, and ophthalmologists should be aware of the rarely seen entity of juvenile macular dystrophy with hypotrichosis.

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APA

Karti, O., Abali, S., Ayhan, Z., Gokmeydan, E., Nalcaci, S., Yaman, A., & Saatci, A. O. (2017). CDH3 gene related hypotrichosis and juvenile macular dystrophy – A case with a novel mutation. American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports, 7, 129–133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2017.06.007

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