© 2014 Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.Objective Suicide is the first cause of non-natural death in Spain. Among addictive disorders, pathological gambling is one the most significant independent risk factors for suicidal behavior. The objective of this study is to describe and compare the sociodemographic traits, comorbidity and attempt characteristics, between suicide attempters who fulfill diagnostic criteria for pathological gambling and those who do not. Methods A total of 345 patients admitted to the emergency department of a University Hospital in Madrid between 1999 and 2004 were interviewed for this study. To describe and compare the demographic characteristics, comorbidity and those related to attempted suicide, using logistic regression models adjusted for sex and age were used. Results Suicide attempters who fulfilled diagnostic criteria for pathological gambling were predominantly male, with a low education level, and had more offspring. Furthermore, these patients had more comorbidities, such as: global substance dependence, nicotine, cocaine and opioid dependence. Conclusions The present study suggests that pathological gamblers represent a distinct subgroup among suicide attempters, with particular characteristics, similar to those found in pathological gamblers in the general population.
Verdura-Vizcaíno, E. J., Fernández-Navarro, P., Vian-Lains, A., Ibañez, Á., & Baca-García, E. (2015). Sociodemographic traits and comorbidities in pathological gamblers with a suicide attempt in Spain. Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatria, 44(3), 159–165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rcp.2015.03.002