Dual-energy computed tomography investigation of additive manufacturing aluminium–carbon-fibre composite joints

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Abstract

In this work, aluminium–carbon-fibre reinforced plastic joints have been studied. Three types of samples were designed as double lap joints where the aluminium inserts were fabricated using both classical methods (milling) and additive manufacturing. Two versions of the joint were fabricated using additive manufacturing, one flat, and the other with small teeth designed to hook into the carbon-fibre plies. The joints were characterised using a non-linear, dual-energy computed tomography method to evaluate the bond between the composite and the metal inserts. The mechanical strength of the bonds was evaluated, both through tensile tests and four-point bending. A simple finite element model was used to discuss the joints behaviour. It was found that the joints fabricated using additive manufactured inserts were more resistant to peel stress than the milled inserts. In four-point bending tests the moment that the joint could withstand was increased by roughly 300% with the use of additive manufacturing and 400% with the use of additive manufacturing and small teeth. However, in tensile tests it was found that the teeth design reduced the maximum load capacity of the joints by roughly 30% due to porosity. Further, it was found that the additive manufactured samples did not add to the capability of withstanding shear stress. The information gained with the dual-energy computed tomography method was highly valuable as the behaviour of the joints would have been difficult to explain without the porosity information.

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Jansson, A., & Pejryd, L. (2019). Dual-energy computed tomography investigation of additive manufacturing aluminium–carbon-fibre composite joints. Heliyon, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01200

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