Performance of avocado seed activated carbon as adsorbent for highly sensitive determination of CD using a flow injection system online coupled to TS-FF-AAS

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Abstract

A flow-injection preconcentration system using detection by the thermospray flame furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (FIA-TS-FF-AAS) is proposed. Cd2+ are adsorbed on avocado seed activated carbon (ASAC) packed into a cylindrical mini-column and eluted using HCl solutions for the detection system. A 25 – 1 fractional factorial and Doehlert matrix design were employed to determine the optimum conditions for cadmium preconcentration (pH 7.68, buffer concentration (Tris/Tris-HCl) of 0.023 mol L-1, eluent concentration (HCl) of 2.0 mol L-1, the adsorbent mass of 100.0 mg and preconcentration flow rate of 4.8 mL min-1). The preconcentration method presents linearity within the range of 0.41-15.00 µg L-1, limits of quantification and detection of 0.41 and 0.12 µg L-1, respectively, preconcentration factor of 10.7, consumption of index of 0.93 mL and sample throughput of 26 h-1. The precision assessed as the relative standard deviation (RSD) were found to be 0.48, 0.90 and 2.30% for inter-day precision (n = 2), and 0.30, 0.44 and 2.48% for intra-day precision (n = 6) for respective cadmium concentration of 0.50, 5.00 and 15.00 µg L-1. The proposed method was applied satisfactorily in samples of cigarette (62.84 ± 11.28 µg kg-1), human hair (69.61 ± 2.38 µg kg-1) and water samples [lake (0.65 ± 0.01 µg L-1), tap and mineral].

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Kudo, M. V. F., de Oliveira, L. L. G., Suquila, F. A. C., de Almeida, F. G., Segatelli, M. G., Lima, É. C., … Tarley, C. R. T. (2020). Performance of avocado seed activated carbon as adsorbent for highly sensitive determination of CD using a flow injection system online coupled to TS-FF-AAS. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, 31(1), 100–108. https://doi.org/10.21577/0103-5053.20190132

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