Many news organizations have developed policies on the use of named and unnamed sources, including whether the latter can be directly quoted or paraphrased in news stories. In this experiment, we test how audience members respond to these policy dictates by measuring news credibility in a political story that manipulated whether the source was named, whether that source was directly quoted, and the source’s political connection to the story. We found that while each of these manipulations had little or no main effects, they combined to trigger a discernible change in credibility in the eyes of the audience.
Duncan, M., Culver, K. B., McLeod, D., & Kremmer, C. (2019). Don’t Quote me: Effects of Named, Quoted, and Partisan News Sources. Journalism Practice, 13(9), 1128–1146. https://doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2019.1588148