Evidence provided by the GLOBE study (House et al ) has shown that different cultures have definite preferences for different leadership styles. This study examines whether the cultural preference for specific leadership styles has implications for the development of transparency in government budgetary reporting. Our results show that the Performance-Oriented and the Autonomous leadership styles are positively associated with greater transparency while the Team-Oriented and Humane leadership styles have a negative relationship. When Lewin’s classical leadership styles are introduced, we found that both the Democratic and Autocratic leadership styles were positively associated with budget transparency. In contrast, the Delegative leadership style is found to be negatively associated with budget transparency. One major implication of this study is that the movement towards greater transparency in government budgeting would be facilitated by changes in cultural preferences for certain leadership styles.
Mensah, Y. M., & Qi, Y. (2016). Preferred Leadership Styles, Culture, and Government Fiscal Transparency: An International Analysis. Advances in Economics and Business, 4(6), 273–290. https://doi.org/10.13189/aeb.2016.040602