Post-transplant indolent T cell lymphoproliferative disorder in living donor liver transplantation: a case report

  • Goto R
  • Kawamura N
  • Watanabe M
  • et al.
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Abstract

Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) of T cell type has been rarely reported. Accurate diagnosis of this life-threatening rare form of PTLD is important for the treatment strategy. A 7-year-old boy had severe diarrhea and weight loss progressively at 7 years post-living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for biliary atresia. Endoscopy in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract revealed multiple erosions and ulcer lesions with prominent intraepithelial lymphocytosis in the duodenum and terminal ileum. Immunohistochemical examination demonstrated that these accumulated lymphocytes mainly comprised small- to medium-sized T cells expressing CD3, CD4, CD5, CD7, and CD103, but lacking CD8, CD56, and Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small RNAs. In addition, T cell receptor β gene rearrangement was detected by polymerase chain reaction analysis. Comprehensively, the lesions were best interpreted as post-transplant indolent T cell lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD) of the intestine. Clinical remission was achieved by reducing the immunosuppressant. A rarely reported indolent type of T cell LPD in post-LDLT was diagnosed by direct inspection and histological investigation. Although the histological classification and therapeutic strategy for post-transplant indolent T cell LPD have not been established, reducing immunosuppression allowed complete remission in our case. To prevent the incidence of PTLD and de novo malignancy, developing a methodology to set a proper dose of immunosuppressant is required.

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APA

Goto, R., Kawamura, N., Watanabe, M., Koshizuka, Y., Shiratori, S., Ara, M., … Taketomi, A. (2020). Post-transplant indolent T cell lymphoproliferative disorder in living donor liver transplantation: a case report. Surgical Case Reports, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40792-020-00904-y

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