Band alignment in ZrSiO4/ZnO heterojunctions

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Abstract

We have measured the band offsets of sputtered ZrSiO4 on bulk ZnO wafers using X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and obtained the bandgaps of these two materials using reflection electron energy loss spectroscopy. The valence band offset was determined to be -0.60 eV ± 0.04 eV for ZrSiO4 on ZnO, while the respective bandgaps were 3.22 eV for ZnO and 5.9 eV for ZrSiO4. The conduction band offset for ZrSiO4/ZnO was then determined to be 3.28 eV. The ZrSiO4/ZnO system has a staggered, type II alignment. This means that while ZrSiO4 may be useful for surface passivation applications on ZnO, it is not suitable for thin film transistors where a positive valence band offset is needed.

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Hays, D. C., Gila, B. P., Pearton, S. J., Kim, B. J., & Ren, F. (2016). Band alignment in ZrSiO4/ZnO heterojunctions. Vacuum, 125, 113–117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vacuum.2015.12.010

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