Anxiety and depressive symptoms before and after total hip and knee arthroplasty: A prospective multicentre study

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Abstract

Background: A subset of patients with total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has suboptimal postoperative results in terms of Patient Reported Outcomes (PROs), and psychological factors could contribute to these suboptimal results. Objectives: To examine the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in patients undergoing primary THA or TKA preoperatively and postoperatively, and the relationship between preoperative anxiety and depressive symptoms on PROs of THA and TKA. Design: In this prospective study patients were measured preoperatively, and 3and 12 months postoperatively. Patients filled in the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) or Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS) and a satisfaction questionnaire. Results: Data were obtained from 149 hip and 133 knee patients. The prevalence of anxiety symptoms decreased significantly from 27.9% to 10.8% 12 months postoperatively in hip patients, and from 20.3% to 14.8% in knee patients. Depressive symptoms decreased significantly from 33.6% to 12.1% 12 months postoperatively in hip patients, and from 22.7% to 11.7% in knee patients. In hip and knee patients, preoperative depressive symptoms predicted smaller changes in different HOOS or KOOS subscales and patients were less satisfied 12 months postoperatively. Conclusions: Preoperatively, the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms was high. At 3and 12 months postoperatively, the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms was decreased in both hip and knee patients. However, patients with preoperative anxiety and depressive symptoms had worse PROs 3and 12 months after THA and TKA and were less satisfied than patients without anxiety or depressive symptoms. © 2013 Osteoarthritis Research Society International.

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Duivenvoorden, T., Vissers, M. M., Verhaar, J. A. N., Busschbach, J. J. V., Gosens, T., Bloem, R. M., … Reijman, M. (2013). Anxiety and depressive symptoms before and after total hip and knee arthroplasty: A prospective multicentre study. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 21(12), 1834–1840. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joca.2013.08.022

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