Nanomedicine is one of the most important methods used to treat human diseases including parasitic diseases. Schistosomiasis is a major parasitic disease that affects human health in tropical regions. Whilst Praziquantel is the main classic antischistosomal drug, new drugs are required due to the poor effect of the drug on the parasite juveniles and immature worms, and the emergence of drug resistant strains of Schistosoma. The present study aimed to examine the curative roles of both gold and selenium nanoparticles on jejunal tissues of mice infected with Schistosoma mansoni. Transmission electron microscopy was used for characterization of nanoparticles. Gold nanoparticles of 1 mg/kg mice body weight and selenium nanoparticles 0.5 mg/kg body weight were inoculated separately into mice infected with S. mansoni. The parasite induced a significant decrease in glutathione levels; however, the levels of nitric oxide and malondialdehyde were significantly increased. Additionally, the parasite introduced deteriorations in histological architecture of the jejunal tissue. Treatment of mice with metal nanoparticles reduced the levels of body weight changes, oxidative stress and histological impairment in the jejunal tissue significantly. Therefore, our results revealed the protective role of both selenium and gold nanoparticles against jejunal injury in mice infected with S. mansoni.
Dkhil, M. A., Khalil, M. F., Diab, M. S. M., Bauomy, A. A., Santourlidis, S., Al-Shaebi, E. M., & Al-Quraishy, S. (2019). Evaluation of nanoselenium and nanogold activities against murine intestinal schistosomiasis. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 26(7), 1468–1472. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2018.02.008