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Endothelial cells derived from patients' induced pluripotent stem cells for sustained factor VIII delivery and the treatment of hemophilia A

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Abstract

Hemophilia A (HA) is a bleeding disorder characterized by spontaneous and prolonged hemorrhage. The disease is caused by mutations in the coagulation factor 8 gene (F8) leading to factor VIII (FVIII) deficiency. Since FVIII is primarily produced in endothelial cells (ECs) in a non-diseased human being, ECs hold great potential for development as a cell therapy for HA. We showed that HA patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cells (HA-iPSCs) could provide a renewable supply of ECs. The HA-iPSC-derived ECs were transduced with lentiviral vectors to stably express the functional B domain deleted F8 gene, the luciferase gene, and the enhanced green fluorescent protein gene (GFP). When transplanted intramuscularly into neonatal and adult immune deficient mice, the HA-iPSC-derived ECs were retained in the animals for at least 10-16 weeks and maintained their expression of FVIII, GFP, and the endothelial marker CD31, as demonstrated by bioluminescence imaging and immunostaining, respectively. When transplanted into HA mice, these transduced HA-iPSC-derived ECs significantly reduced blood loss in a tail-clip bleeding test and produced therapeutic plasma levels (11.2%-369.2%) of FVIII. Thus, our studies provide proof-of-concept that HA-iPSC-derived ECs can serve as a factory to deliver FVIII for the treatment of HA not only in adults but also in newborns.

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Rose, M., Gao, K., Cortez-Toledo, E., Agu, E., Hyllen, A. A., Conroy, K., … Zhou, P. (2020). Endothelial cells derived from patients’ induced pluripotent stem cells for sustained factor VIII delivery and the treatment of hemophilia A. Stem Cells Translational Medicine, 9(6), 686–696. https://doi.org/10.1002/sctm.19-0261

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