Introduction: Several factors including grades obtained in the Baccalaureate can influence academic performance of first year medical students.. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between results achieved by students taking Baccalaureate exam and student academic success during the first year of medical school. Methods: We conducted an analytical study that included the whole number of students regularly enrolled in their first year of medical school at the university of Parakou in the academic year 2010-2011. Data for the scores for each academic discipline and distinction obtained in the Baccalaureate were collected. Multivariate analysis using logistic regression and multiple linear regression made it possible to determine the best predictors of success and grade point average obtained by students at the end of the year. SPSS Statistics 17.0 was used to analyse data and a p value p < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Among the 414 students regularly enrolled, we could exploit the data on 407 students. They were aged 15-31 years; 262 (64.4%) were male. 98 were enrolled with a success rate of 23.7%. Concerning men, the scores obtained in mathematics, in physical sciences, the grade point average obtained in the Baccalaureate and honors obtained in the Baccalaureate were associated with their success at the end of the year, but in multivariate analysis only a score in physical sciences > 15/20 was associated with success (OR: 2, 8 [1, 32-6, 00]). Concerning the general average grade obtained at the end of the year, only an honor obtained in the Baccalaureate was associated (standard error of the correlation coefficient: 0, 130 Beta =0, 370 and p=0, 00001). Conclusion: The best predictors of student academic success during the first year were a good grade point average in physical sciences during the Baccalaureate and an honor obtained in the Baccalaureate The inclusion of these elements in the enrollement of first-year students could improve academic performance.
Adoukonou, T., Tognon-Tchegnonsi, F., Mensah, E., Allodé, A., Adovoekpe, J. M., Gandaho, P., & Akpona, S. (2016). Facteurs prédictifs de succès des étudiants en première année de médecine à l’université de Parakou. Pan African Medical Journal, 23. https://doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2016.23.87.8527