Donor infection status should be considered when accepting an organ for transplant. Here we present a case of Chagas disease developing after a lung transplant where the donor was known to be Trypanosoma cruzi antibody positive. The recipient developed acute Trypanosoma cruzi infection with reactivation after treatment. Chagas disease-positive donors are likely to be encountered in the United States; donor targeted screening is needed to guide decisions regarding organ transplant and posttransplant monitoring.
Corey, A. B., Sonetti, D., Maloney, J. D., Montgomery, S. P., Rademacher, B. L., Taylor, L. J., … Striker, R. (2017). Transmission of Donor-Derived Trypanosoma cruzi and Subsequent Development of Chagas Disease in a Lung Transplant Recipient . Case Reports in Infectious Diseases, 2017, 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5381072