Nordic higher education in flux: System evolution and reform trajectories

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This chapter provides a brief description of how the four national systems included in this study—Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden—are currently organised and structured. In doing so, it illuminates several specific features such as the types and sizes of the institutions, enrolment patterns, performance measures, and funding. In addition, the chapter gives a snapshot of how higher education systems have evolved historically by shedding light on policy dynamics from the late 1990s to 2013, the baseline period for the FINNUT comparative study, the research project that provides the basis for this edited volume. This is followed by a section describing the aim, methods, theoretical framework, and conceptual and analytical backdrops underpinning the study. The chapter concludes with an overview of the volume’s structure and key insights from the individual contributions.




Pinheiro, R., Nordstrand Berg, L., Fumasoli, T., Geschwind, L., Foss Hansen, H., Hernes, H., … Söderlind, J. (2019). Nordic higher education in flux: System evolution and reform trajectories. In Reforms, Organizational Change and Performance in Higher Education: A Comparative Account from the Nordic Countries (pp. 69–108). Palgrave Macmillan.

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