In July 2008, a benchmark study on the aerodynamics of a stationary rectangular cylinder with chord-to-depth ratio equal to 5 (BARC) was launched. This paper gives an outline of the state of the art on the aerodynamics of 5:1 rectangular cylinders prior to the starting of BARC, and summarizes the results obtained by the contributors during the first four years of activity. The results of about 70 realizations of the BARC flow configuration obtained under a nominally common set-up in both wind tunnel experiments and numerical simulations are compared among themselves and with the data available in the literature prior to BARC, in terms of bulk parameters, flow and aerodynamic load statistics, pressure and force spanwise correlations. It is shown that the near wake flow, the base pressure and, hence, the drag coefficient obtained in the different flow realizations are in very good agreement. Conversely, the flow features along the cylinder lateral surfaces and, hence, the lift, are strongly sensitive to set-up and modelling, leading to a significant dispersion of both wind tunnel measurements and numerical predictions. Finally, a possible asymmetry of the time averaged flow has been recognized both in wind tunnel tests and in numerical simulations. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Bruno, L., Salvetti, M. V., & Ricciardelli, F. (2014). Benchmark on the aerodynamics of a rectangular 5:1 cylinder: An overview after the first four years of activity. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 126, 87–106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jweia.2014.01.005