Bioleaching of metals from electronic scrap by moderately thermophilic acidophilic bacteria

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Abstract

The present work was aimed at studying the bioleachability of metals from electronic scrap by the selected moderately thermophilic strains of acidophilic chemolithotrophic and acidophilic heterotrophic bacteria. These included Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans and an unidentified acidophilic heterotroph (code A1TSB) isolated from local environments. Among the strategies adapted to obtain enhanced metal leaching rates from electronic scrap, a mixed consortium of the metal adapted cultures of the above-mentioned bacteria was found to exhibit the maximum metal leaching efficiency. In all the flasks where high metal leaching rates were observed, concomitantly biomass production rates were also high indicating high growth rates. It showed that the metal bioleaching capability of the bacteria was associated with their growth. At scrap concentration of 10 g/L, a mixed consortium of the metal adapted cultures was able to leach more than 81% of Ni, 89% of Cu, 79% of Al and 83% of Zn. Although Pb and Sn were also leached out, they were detected in the precipitates formed during bioleaching. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Ilyas, S., Anwar, M. A., Niazi, S. B., & Afzal Ghauri, M. (2007). Bioleaching of metals from electronic scrap by moderately thermophilic acidophilic bacteria. Hydrometallurgy, 88(1–4), 180–188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2007.04.007

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