Biological evaluation of double point modified analogues of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D2 as potential anti-leukemic agents

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Abstract

© 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Structurally similar double-point modified analogues of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D 2 (1,25D 2 ) were screened in vitro for their pro-differentiating activity against the promyeloid cell line HL60. Their affinities towards human full length vitamin D receptor (VDR) and metabolic stability against human vitamin D 24-hydroxylase (CYP24A1) were also tested. The analogues (PRI-1730, PRI-1731, PRI-1732, PRI-1733 and PRI-1734) contained 5,6-trans modification of the A-ring and of the triene system, additional hydroxyl or unsaturation at C-22 in the side chain and reversed absolute configuration (24-epi) at C-24 of 1,25D 2 . As presented in this paper, introduction of selected structural modifications simultaneously in two distinct parts of the vitamin D molecule resulted in a divergent group of analogues. Analogues showed lower VDR affinity in comparison to that of the parent hormones, 1,25D 2 and 1,25D 3 , and they caused effective HL60 cell differentiation only at high concentrations of 100 nM and above. Unexpectedly, introducing of a 5,6-trans modification combined with C-22 hydroxyl and 24-epi configuration switched off entirely the cell differentiation activity of the analogue (PRI-1734). However, this analogue remained a moderate substrate for CYP24A1, as it was metabolized at 22%, compared to 35% for 1,25D 2 . Other analogues from this series were either less (12% for PRI-1731 and PRI-1733) or more (52% for PRI-1732) resistant to the enzymatic deactivation. Although the inactive analogue PRI-1734 failed to show VDR antagonism, when tested in HL60 cells, its structure might be a good starting point for our design of a vitamin D antagonist.

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Corcoran, A., Nadkarni, S., Yasuda, K., Sakaki, T., Brown, G., Kutner, A., & Marcinkowska, E. (2016). Biological evaluation of double point modified analogues of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D2 as potential anti-leukemic agents. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 17(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms17020091

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