A biomechanical model of agonist-initiated contraction in the asthmatic airway

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Abstract

This paper presents a modelling framework in which the local stress environment of airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells may be predicted and cellular responses to local stress may be investigated. We consider an elastic axisymmetric model of a layer of connective tissue and circumferential ASM fibres embedded in parenchymal tissue and model the active contractile force generated by ASM via a stress acting along the fibres. A constitutive law is proposed that accounts for active and passive material properties as well as the proportion of muscle to connective tissue. The model predicts significantly different contractile responses depending on the proportion of muscle to connective tissue in the remodelled airway. We find that radial and hoop-stress distributions in remodelled muscle layers are highly heterogenous with distinct regions of compression and tension. Such patterns of stress are likely to have important implications, from a mechano-transduction perspective, on contractility, short-term cytoskeletal adaptation and long-term airway remodelling in asthma. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Brook, B. S., Peel, S. E., Hall, I. P., Politi, A. Z., Sneyd, J., Bai, Y., … Jensen, O. E. (2010). A biomechanical model of agonist-initiated contraction in the asthmatic airway. Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology, 170(1), 44–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resp.2009.11.006

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