Biosorption of Ni(II) from electroplating wastewater by modified (Eriobotrya japonica) loquat bark

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Abstract

Biosorption of nickel ions from aqueous solutions by modified loquat bark waste (MLB) has been investigated in a batch biosorption process. The biosorbent MLB was characterized by FTIR analysis. The extent of biosorption of Ni(II) ions was found to be dependent on solution pH, initial nickel ions concentration, biosorbent dose, contact time, and temperature. The experimental equilibrium biosorption data were analyzed by three widely used two-parameters Langmuir, Temkin and Freundlich isotherm models. Langmuir and Temkin isotherm models provided a better fit with the experimental data than Freundlich isotherm model by high correlation coefficients R2. The maximum adsorption capacity was 27.548mg/g of Ni(II) ions onto MLB. The thermodynamic analysis indicated that the biosorption behavior of nickel ions onto MLB biosorbent was an endothermic process, resulting in higher biosorption capacities at higher temperatures. The negative values of δG° (-5.84kJ/mol) and positive values of δH° (13.33kJ/mol) revealed that the biosorption process was spontaneous and endothermic. Kinetic studies showed that pseudo-second order described well the biosorption experimental data. The modified loquat bark (MLB) was successfully used for the biosorption of nickel ions from synthetic and industrial electroplating effluents.

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Salem, N. M., & Awwad, A. M. (2014). Biosorption of Ni(II) from electroplating wastewater by modified (Eriobotrya japonica) loquat bark. Journal of Saudi Chemical Society, 18(5), 379–386. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jscs.2011.07.008

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