OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the efficacy of bisphosphonates for preventing recurrent hip fracture and reducing the mortality of elderly patient with hip fracture. METHODS: The databases of Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane Library were searched. All randomized or prospective matched controlled trials that assessed the efficacy of bisphosphonate for elderly patients with hip fracture were included. Two researchers independently extracted data of the included articles and assessed the methodological quality which was assessed based on Jadad scoring system or Newcastle-Ottawa scale. The second hip fracture incidence, mortality and complications were compared between bisphosphonates and control groups. RESULTS: Four studies including 3088 patients were included. Results showed that there were significant difference of second hip fracture (P<0.05) and mortality (P<0.05) between bisphosphonates group and control group. While no significant intergroup difference were observed for all complications. CONCLUSIONS: Bisphosphonates can prevent subsequent hip fracture, reduce the mortality, and does not increase the overall complications in elderly patients with hip fracture.
Peng, J., Liu, Y., Chen, L., Peng, K., Xu, Z., Zhang, D., & Xiang, Z. (2016). Bisphosphonates can prevent recurrent hip fracture and reduce the mortality in osteoporotic patient with hip fracture: A meta-analysis. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. Professional Medical Publications. https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.322.9435