Fillet discolouration, commonly known as bruising, is an unintended and undesirable consequence in many commercial fishing operations. The purpose of this study was to develop a method to objectively measure and characterize the size and location of discolouration patterns that are currently observed in the fillets of commercially harvested yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea) on the east coast of Canada. To accomplish this, an image processing program was developed to analyse fillet discolouration patterns. Total discoloured area and percent fillet coverage were measured and compared to total bruise weight and percent bruise weight attained from manual assessment. Results revealed that bruising was evident in 86.5% of the fish sampled. Of all the parameters measured, fish weight was the only parameter correlated with bruise weight. Bruise area ranged from 0 to 124.5cm<sup>2</sup>, with a mean of 12.1cm<sup>2</sup> (s.d.=21.4), and accounted for an average of 4.3% of fillet area. Bruises were not uniformly distributed on any of the fillet sides. Results revealed a strong tendency for bruising to occur at the anterior dorsal region of the fillet, commonly known as the "nape". Functional explanations for this finding are provided, including recommendations for future research.
Kenney, J. L., Rahman, T., Manuel, H., & Winger, P. D. (2015). Bruising patterns in commercially harvested yellowtail flounder (Limanda ferruginea). Fisheries Research, 172, 79–84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2015.06.026