Burden of advance stage gynaecological cancers at Nuclear Institute of Medicine and Radiotherapy Jamshoro Sindh

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Abstract

Objectives:: In Pakistan gynaecological cancers are among the leading causes of women’s morbidity and mortality posing huge financial burden on families, communities and state. Due to lack of national cancer registry exact facts and figures are unknown therefore this study was planned to find out prevalence, age, site and stage of presentation of gynaecological cancers at Nuclear Institute of Medicine and Radiotherapy (NIMRA), Jamshoro. Methods:: A retrospective, cross sectional study was conducted from 1st January 2011 to 31st December 2011 at NIMRA Jamshoro. All cases of genital tract cancers were evaluated, required data was entered on predesigned performa and results were analyzed manually. Results:: Out of 2401 total registered cancer cases, 231 (9.6%) patients were suffering from gynaecological cancer making it third most common cancer. Ovary was commonest site followed by cervix and uterus. More than 60% cases presented in advanced stage, mostly during 4th and 5th decade of life. Conclusion:: Gynecological cancer was among top three cancers at one of the busiest public sector cancer institute in Sindh province and significant number presented in advance stage making treatment difficult and expensive. There is urgent need for development and implementation of an effective health policy regarding cancer prevention and treatment.

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Bibi, S., Ashfaque, S., & Laghari, N. A. (2016). Burden of advance stage gynaecological cancers at Nuclear Institute of Medicine and Radiotherapy Jamshoro Sindh. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 32(1), 120–124. https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.321.8663

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