Objective: We analyzed the burden of disease in the elderly population in Spain in 2008. Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was performed to calculate the disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of the Spanish population aged ≥ 60 years old. DALYs are the sum of the number of years of life lost (YLLs) and the number of years lived with disability (YLDs). Data sources included the national mortality register for YLLs, and inference of Euro-A subregion (including Spain) estimates for YLDs. Results: In the elderly population, DALYs lost due to all diseases were estimated at 2.1 million. The main causes of DALYs were malignancies (21.3%), neuropsychiatric disorders (21.1%) and cardiovascular diseases (20.4%). The main specific subcategories were dementias, ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, hearing loss and osteoarthritis. Conclusions: Burden of disease analysis allows distinct health problems to be reassessed in relation to classical mortality analysis. © 2011 SESPAS.
Gènova-Maleras, R., Álvarez-Martín, E., Catalá-López, F., Fernández de Larrea-Baz, N., & Morant-Ginestar, C. (2011). Burden of disease in the elderly population in Spain. Gaceta Sanitaria, 25(SUPPL. 2), 47–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2011.09.018