Erythroxylum simonis is an understory species found in Northeast Brazil. Due to its shaded habitat, E. simonis is subjected to seasonal oscillations of the environment, to which it must respond ecophysiologically. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of seasonality on the ecophysiology of E. simonis in a fragment of Seasonal Semideciduous Forest. Leaf area index, visible sky fraction and photosynthetically active radiation were measured for 10 individuals during the dry and rainy seasons. Soil moisture, temperature and monthly precipitation were measured, as well as photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance, internal CO2 concentration, transpiration, instantaneous water use efficiency, instantaneous carboxylation efficiency and chlorophyll content. Ecophysiological variables were correlated with environmental variables, with a greater association of rainfall and soil moisture with stomatal conductance, transpiration and photosynthetic rate, indicating that water availability has an effect on the ecophysiology of E. simonis. With the exception of instantaneous carboxylation efficiency, gas exchange exhibited significant differences among the months studied, with the highest values being for months with greater water availability, thus showing that the ecophysiology of the species responds to seasonal changes throughout the year.
Da Silva Ribeiro, J. E., Barbosa, A. J. S., Lopes, S. D. F., Pereira, W. E., & de Albuquerque, M. B. (2018). Seasonal variation in gas exchange by plants of erythroxylum simonis plowman. Acta Botanica Brasilica, 32(2), 287–296. https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-33062017abb0240