Coping with retirement: Well-being, health, and religion

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The number of elderly people is increasing, and the authors aimed to identify variables associated with older adults' ability to cope with their retirement years. In this study, 133 community-dwelling men and women (M age = 72 years, SD age = 7.6 years) completed a battery of self-report measures. A path analysis showed that internal locus of control (LOC) and good self-rated health were direct predictors of the criterion variable of life coping. However, whereas health remained a standalone variable, faith in nature and humanity (positive correlation) and the use of coping religion (negative correlation) predicted LOC. Thus, LOC may play a mediatory role between the latter 2 variables and life coping. In turn, spirituality was a predictor of both the faith in nature and humanity variable and the coping religion variable. Additional findings include a positive correlation between self-rated health and seniority of preretirement occupation, a higher health rating for house dwellers compared with bungalow dwellers, and a negative correlation between age and self-rated health. The authors offer some explanations for the outcomes and suggest that the findings will be valuable to those who are responsible for the social welfare of retired people. © 2009 Heldref Publications.




Lowis, M., Edwards, A., & Burton, M. (2009). Coping with retirement: Well-being, health, and religion. Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 143(4), 427–448.

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