Coping with retirement: Well-being, health, and religion

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Abstract

The number of elderly people is increasing, and the authors aimed to identify variables associated with older adults' ability to cope with their retirement years. In this study, 133 community-dwelling men and women (M age = 72 years, SD age = 7.6 years) completed a battery of self-report measures. A path analysis showed that internal locus of control (LOC) and good self-rated health were direct predictors of the criterion variable of life coping. However, whereas health remained a standalone variable, faith in nature and humanity (positive correlation) and the use of coping religion (negative correlation) predicted LOC. Thus, LOC may play a mediatory role between the latter 2 variables and life coping. In turn, spirituality was a predictor of both the faith in nature and humanity variable and the coping religion variable. Additional findings include a positive correlation between self-rated health and seniority of preretirement occupation, a higher health rating for house dwellers compared with bungalow dwellers, and a negative correlation between age and self-rated health. The authors offer some explanations for the outcomes and suggest that the findings will be valuable to those who are responsible for the social welfare of retired people. © 2009 Heldref Publications.

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APA

Lowis, M., Edwards, A., & Burton, M. (2009). Coping with retirement: Well-being, health, and religion. Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 143(4), 427–448. https://doi.org/10.3200/JRLP.143.4.427-448

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